Applying a Shared Risk and Protective Factor Framework to Injury and Violence Prevention: A National Perspective

Across the country, public health professionals face the need to implement programs more effectively and efficiently, while still demonstrating meaningful outcomes. This need is especially urgent in injury and violence prevention (IVP) work, given the epidemics of suicide, interpersonal violence, and opioid abuse, among others. In recent years, the fundamental questions at the root of public health have been shifting from addressing single, specific issues, to instead focusing on the system that supports wellbeing holistically. Many sectors contribute to our health and quality of life, including economics, housing, transportation, social services, and education. Although these sectors use different vocabularies and concepts, they all have core connections that unite them. Understanding the root causes of public health and expanding resources in a way that proactively prevents multiple issues at once improves the way people live, work, and play.

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